Understanding Loan-To-Value Ratio

understanding loan to value ratio

When seeking financing for your dream home through a bank or financial institution, the lender will gauge their risk before proceeding with your loan application. A crucial tool in this risk assessment is the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, especially in the ever-evolving home loan landscape.

The LTV ratio is pivotal in determining the required down payment from the borrower. A higher LTV ratio implies a smaller down payment, elevating the lender’s risk, which could lead to a higher interest rate on the loan. Understanding the Loan to Value ratio is key to navigating the financial thresholds of securing a mortgage and can deeply impact both the borrower’s and the lender’s bottom line.

Loan-to-Value (LTV) Ratio Unveiled

According to the definition of loan-to-value ratio, it is a ratio that compares the amount of money borrowed against the market price of the asset being purchased.

Consider this real-world scenario. Imagine you’ve set your heart on a property appraised at INR 1 crore, and to clinch the deal, you apply for a loan of INR 75 lakhs. The LTV ratio, in this case, simplifies the financial picture:

LTV ratio = 75,00,000/1,00,00,000 = 75%

This ratio not only informs your loan eligibility but also influences the interest rates that lenders offer. The higher the LTV, the riskier the loan is deemed since it indicates a larger loan amount and less equity.

Decoding RBI Guidelines on LTV Ratios

The Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) guidelines standardize LTV ratios to safeguard borrowers, ensuring lending institutions follow a uniform approach. Below is a summary of these regulations:

Loan AmountMaximum LTV Ratio
Up to INR 30 lakhs90%
INR 30-75 lakhs80%
Above INR 75 lakhs75%

Lower LTV ratios for higher loan amounts reflect a cautious stance, as the RBI mandates a considerable down payment, thereby reducing the lender’s risk. Consequently, this protects both the banking sector’s health and the borrower’s financial commitment.

Understanding LTV ratios arms you with the knowledge to navigate home loans more skillfully, giving insight into your borrowing limits and the potential financial structure of your property investment in 2024.

Understanding LTV Ratio in Personal Finance

The Loan to Value (LTV) ratio is a pivotal measure in both securing a home loan and managing personal finances. Here’s how the LTV ratio influences the borrowing process:

  1. Loan Amount Eligibility – The LTV ratio assists in pinpointing the maximum loan a lender is likely to approve. Generally, a lower ratio could signal greater borrowing power.
  2. Interest Rates – Risk assessment is partly based on the LTV ratio; a higher ratio suggests elevated risk, potentially raising the interest rates for the borrower.
  3. Repayment Period – Relatively lower LTV ratios are favourable as they imply lesser risk, which, in turn, could lengthen the repayment timeline for the loan.
  4. Mortgage Insurance Requirement – Should the LTV ratio exceed 80%, borrowers may need to obtain mortgage insurance to offset the lender’s increased risk exposure.
  5. Loan Approval Duration – Higher LTV ratios could necessitate more thorough document verification, potentially extending the loan’s approval process.
  6. Down Payment Impact – A lower LTV ratio can be advantageous for the borrower, resulting in a reduced down payment obligation.

By understanding the nuances of the LTV ratio, potential homeowners gain insight into how lenders evaluate loan applications, paving the way for informed financial decisions.

Loan-To-Value Ratio and Home Loan Eligibility

The LTV Ratio significantly influences your eligibility for a home loan. While your income might allow for a larger loan, banks must adhere to LTV ratio limits as applied to the property value, capping the loan amount. 

A lower LTV ratio can result in more favorable Home Loan terms, including reduced interest rates. This is because a lower LTV ratio indicates a reduced lending risk for the bank. Thus, aiming for a lower LTV ratio can lead to more advantageous interest rates on your Home Loan, benefiting your financial situation.

Typical LTV Splits

Borrowers have the flexibility to choose from different Typical LTV Splits, such as 80/20, 70/30, or 90/10, depending on their preferences, financial situation, and the specific loan programs offered by lenders.

LTV SplitsWhat Does This Mean?
80/20 SplitThis split implies that the borrower is financing 80% of the property’s value through the primary mortgage (first lien) and 20% through a second mortgage or other forms of financing. The 80% portion often has more favorable terms.
70/30 SplitIn this case, the borrower finances 70% of the property’s value through the primary mortgage and 30% through a second mortgage or additional financing.
90/10 SplitThis split means that the borrower is financing 90% of the property’s value through the primary mortgage and contributing a 10% down payment or obtaining a second mortgage for that amount

Negotiating Better Home Loan Terms

To negotiate better terms for your home loans, you can consider the following.

  • Strong Credit Score: A higher credit score can lead to better loan terms, including lower interest rates and a higher approved LTV ratio.
  • Down Payment: A larger down payment can reduce the LTV ratio, potentially leading to better loan terms.
  • Comparison Shopping: Get quotes from multiple lenders to compare interest rates, fees, and LTV ratios. This gives you leverage in negotiations.
  • Financial Stability: Demonstrating stable income, employment, and financial responsibility enhances your negotiation power.
  • Consider Collateral: Providing additional collateral may lead to more favorable terms.

Take your first step towards securing your dream home with Credit Dharma

It is of paramount importance to understand and plan your finances before opting for a home loan closure. At Credit Dharma, we are here to help you make informed and smart decisions so that you can focus on building your dream home. Talk to us on WhatsApp and take the first step towards owning your dream home.


Why is having a good LTV ratio important for potential homeowners?

A good LTV ratio is crucial as it can affect loan eligibility, interest rates, and may reduce the need for mortgage insurance, impacting the overall cost of a home loan.

Can a lower LTV ratio influence my home loan interest rates and terms?

Yes, a lower LTV ratio can signal reduced risk to lenders, potentially leading to more favorable loan terms and lower interest rates.

What is a good LTV ratio?

While there are no fixed standards as a rule of thumb the LTV ratio should not be higher than 80%. A ratio above increases the risk of the lender which would increase the borrowing costs.

What is 75% loan to value ratio?

A 75% loan to value indicates that you will be eligible for a loan up to 75% of your property’s value.

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